Jellyfish was an American rock band that formed in San Francisco in 1989. Led by songwriters Andy Sturmer and Roger Manning , the group was known for their blend of 1960s classic rock and XTC-style power pop. They released two albums, Bellybutton and Spilt Milk , that proved influential to many subsequent acts in a similar vein.Sturmer and Manning met in high school and shared an admiration for jazz, post-punk, and British pop music. Following a stint as members of Beatnik Beatch, they quit the group to continue songwriting with one another and formed Jellyfish. They were initially supported by Jason Falkner and Roger’s brother Chris . After the tour for Bellybutton, those musicians were replaced by Tim Smith and Eric Dover . The group viewed Spilt Milk as their “masterpiece” and the fulfillment of their original grandiose vision for the band, emphasizing bombasticity, vocal harmonies, orchestration, and studio experimentation. During their five-year existence, Jellyfish attracted critical acclaim and a devoted cult following, but struggled against prevailing rock trends . Their only charting single on the Billboard Hot 100 was “Baby’s Coming Back”. Three other songs were top-twenty hits on Billboard’s Modern Rock Tracks chart: “The King Is Half-Undressed”, “That Is Why”, and “The Ghost at Number One”. Elsewhere, they had six songs appear on the UK Singles Chart, although none reached higher than the top thirty. Jellyfish broke up in 1994 due to poor record sales, Sturmer’s discomfort with his role as frontman, and artistic conflicts between the two songwriters. Manning subsequently formed Imperial Drag with Dover, and pursued careers as a solo artist and session musician. Sturmer worked with the Japanese pop duo Puffy AmiYumi and continues to compose music for animated television programs. Since 2017, the trio of Manning, Dover, and Smith have recorded together as the Lickerish Quartet.